CA Vehicle Code 31

Giving False Information to Police Officer

It is a crime under California Vehicle Code 31[1] to provide false information to a police officer while he/she is performing her duties. You can be charged with the crime for proving a wrong last name, a borrowed or stolen driver’s license, fake registration, or by not answering questions truthfully.

California Vehicle Code 31 is a misdemeanor and if convicted you can face:

  • Fines up to $1,000
  • Up to 6-months in county jail

California Vehicle Code 31, as the code insinuates only pertains to when you are stopped for a traffic violation. California Penal Code 148, Resisting Arrest, pertains to cases outside of the vehicle and if you are on the street.

Defending California Vehicle Code 31

The only valid legal defense for giving false information to a police officer is that you didn’t have the intention to mislead. In other words, you may have been nervous and accidentally provided wrong information to the officer but if it wasn’t intentional then you shouldn’t be punished.

Expunging California Vehicle Code 31

California Vehicle Code 31 falls under the category of crimes that are eligible for expungement. Expungement is a way to have a criminal conviction discarded from your criminal record so you can legally say that you have not been convicted of a crime. The process can be confusing and time sensitive so it’s beneficial to hire an attorney to guide you through the process. For a full understanding of the process in its entirety read our Expungement article.



[1] No person shall give, either orally or in writing, information to a peace officer while in the performance of his duties under the provisions of this code when such person knows that the information is false.

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