California Penal Code 602 PC

PC 602 – Criminal Trespassing

PC 602 - Criminal Trespassing

Criminal Trespassing – Table of Contents

Criminal Trespassing CA Penal Code 602 Overview

You can be convicted of Criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602, if you enter someone’s property without their permission; this is the most basic form of trespassing, but there are some cases that are more strange and extreme. You can also be convicted of trespassing for:

  • Entering a person’s property with the intent to obstruct their business activities
  • Occupying a person’s property without their permission
  • Refusing to leave a person’s property after being asked to leave

In order to be convicted of criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 the prosecutor must prove the two elements of the crime:

  • That you willfully entered someone else’s property
  • You did so with the specific intent to interfere with that person’s property rights

Willfully means deliberately or on purpose. Meaning that if the act was an accident you should not be charged for criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602. And specific intent means that you knowingly performed the action, meaning you were in a conscious state to make decisions and know what you were doing.

Criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 can be tried as an infraction, a misdemeanor and as a felony, depending on your criminal record and the details of the crime.

If you are convicted/cited for criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 you will pay a fine, that’s it. You will not serve any jail time or be granted a probation term.

If you are convicted of criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 as a misdemeanor, the most common type of conviction, then you will face:

  • Up to one year in county jail
  • Up to $1,000 in fines

If you are convicted of criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 as a felony, also known as aggravated trespassing then you will face:

  • Up to three years in state prison
  • Up to $2,000 in fines

Aggravated trespassing only pertains to if you make a criminal threat and within 30 days trespass on a person’s property to carry out that threat.

Prosecuting

As previously stated, in order to be convicted of criminal threats the prosecutor must prove the two elements of the crime:

  1. That you willfully entered someone else’s property
  2. You did so with the specific intent to interfere with that person’s property rights

If the prosecution cannot prove these two elements then you will not convicted of trespassing.

Criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 crimes vary significantly and are assessed on a case by case basis. These crimes can be easy for the prosecutor to prove because a lot of the time a citizen will call and report the offense. Other times the prosecution will have a difficult time because there is little, if any evidence.

Defending

There are several criminal defense strategies that your attorney can utilize to prove your innocence when being faced with criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 charges. For the most basic form of trespassing, when you enter a person’s property without there permission, the easiest defense is proving that the properties owner did not conform to the signage laws. In other words, there are specific requirements that state where and how often “No Trespassing” signs must be hung, if you entered a person’s property not knowing that you were doing so, because of lack of signs, then you won’t be charged.

Next your criminal defense attorney will make sure you had consent to be on the property. If you have consent to be on public property then you cannot be cited for trespassing, even if you were asked to leave. This defense strategy does not work for private property; if you were asked to leave private property and you refused to leave then you can be charged/cited for criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602. The difference is that private property pertains to civil cases and public property pertains to criminal cases.

The next approach your criminal defense attorney will take is see if you were participating in a constitutionally protected activity. If you were participating in a peaceful protest or any similarly protected activity then you cannot be charged for criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602.

One of the elements of the crime is that you interfere with a person’s property rights, meaning you obstruct with their business or activities of their property. If you did not obstruct with the activities on one’s property then you cannot be cited/charged for criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602. In other words, if you are taking part in a peaceful protest at a public park and the protest does not impede on people’s progress or force them to look at what you’re doing, then you, or your fellow protesters cannot be charged with criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602.

If you, or a loved one is being charged with criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 and are facing substantial fines or jail/prison time then it’s imperative to contact a criminal defense attorney immediately. Seppi Esfandi is an Expert in Criminal Law and has experience defending all sorts of criminal matters, including criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602.

Expunging

Criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602 is a crime that can be expunged from your criminal record if you successfully completed your probation term without any infractions. For more information regarding expungement and the entire process read our Expungement article.

We Want to Help

If you or a loved one is being charged with Criminal trespassing, CA Penal Code 602, we invite you to contact us immediately for a free case review. Schedule an appointment to meet with us in person, or feel free to submit an evaluation online and we will get in contact with you ASAP. We can provide a free consultation in our office located in Century City, or by phone. Our experienced and assiduous Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorneys will be sure to fight until the end to reduce or drop your charges completely.

Call Us for a FREE Case Review: 310-274-6529

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How to Win Your Case

We cannot stress enough that you read, understand and follow these 10 basic rules if you are criminally charged or under investigation:

  1. Don’t ever talk to the police
  2. Do not discuss your case with anyone
  3. Everything you tell your lawyer is confidential
  4. Tell police you need to contact your attorney
  5. Never consent to any search by the police
  6. If the police knock on your door, don't answer!
  7. Realize the consequences of a criminal conviction
  8. Your lawyer (not you) will contact any witnesses
  9. Information on your cell phone is evidence
  10. Early Intervention is the key

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